Posts by Kim:

Articles By: kim dramer

Kim lives in upper Manhattan She has a special interest in Revolutionary War period New York City and the role of women in our city's history.

audrey munson-nyc-untapped citiesAudrey Munson with photographer Arnold Genthe’s cat Buzzer, 1915. Image via Wikipedia

She adorns New York City in bronze, gold and stone. You’ve walked by her in the streets, but never knew her name. Meet Audrey Munson, fabulous New York woman who met a decidedly unfabulous end.

Audrey Munson was America’s first supermodel; the personification of the nation’s ideals and dreams. Gilded Age sculptors carved her form into statues for the city’s institutions and monuments.  

audrey munson-manhattan municiple building-nyc-untapped citiesStatue modeled after Munson on top of the Manhattan Municipal Building. Image via Flickr by Jane Nearing

Downtown, Audrey Munson stands 25 feet tall on top of the Manhattan Municipal Building, constructed as an administrative site for New York’s consolidated boroughs. As Civic Fame, a splendidly gilded figure in Classical dress by Adolph Weinman, Audrey holds aloft a crown with five towers, representing the five boroughs. Here, she is Manhattan’s tallest statue, second in New York only to her sister, the Statue of Liberty, offshore.

Midtown, Audrey is depicted in the buff and in granite as the personification of Beauty by Frederick MacMonnies, a Brooklyn sculptor. In this form, her voluptuous figure decorates the facade of the New York Public Library on Fifth Avenue at 42nd Street.


Across town at Columbus Circle, Audrey is a stern and  heavily garbed figure. Here, she serves as the model for Attilio Piccirilli‘s gilded centerpiece for the USS Maine Monument atop the pylon of Merchants’ Gate at the southwest entrance to Central Park.

Uptown, at Broadway and 106th Street, a bronze Audrey stretches languidly as a water nymph overlooking a small fountain. Here, she represents Memory in Henry Augustus Lukeman’s sculpture at the Isidor & Ida Straus Memorial. The statue and pocket park are dedicated in memory of the one-time U.S. Congressman and co-owner of Macy’s department store, Straus and his wife who lived on Broadway, one block south of the park. The couple perished on the maiden voyage of RMS Titanic, when Ida refused to board a lifeboat without her husband. Isidor’s body was recovered from sea, but Ida was never found. The choice of a water nymph belies their watery end. 

isador and ida straus memorial-audrey munson-manhattan-nyc-untapped citiesImage via Daytonian in Manhattan

Ten blocks uptown is Audrey at her most staid. She is the centerpiece of the Columbia University campus, a bronze statue in the form of Athena by sculptor Arthur Chester French. Grandly representing Alma Mater, Audrey sits on the steps of the Low Memorial Library where each incoming class is tasked with finding the owl in the voluminous folds of her robes. Columbia tradition has it that the student who finds the owl first will graduate as class valedictorian.

Audrey Munson worked her way up the artistic food chain from a model for photographers, to posing for illustrators, then painters, and finally posing for sculptors. As a model who also painted, Audrey considered herself to be an artist, listing herself as such in the 1916 New York City directory when she was living at 288 West 70th Street. At this time, Cubism, Futurism and Impressionism were all making their mark on artistic production. Audrey described these artists as “just crazy persons, capitalizing on their insanities.”

Too bad for Audrey, her own mental capacities were about to be tested – and the result would be tragic. As a woman whose body was the source of her own and others’ inspiration and creativity, scandals followed her and caused her mental breakdown. At the age of 39, Audrey Munson was committed to an institution for the insane in upstate New York. Here, she died, 65 years later, at the age of 104 – still a fabulous New York woman.

Next, read A Tale of the Titanic:  In Their Death They Were Not Divided about the Straus Memorial and watch Inside Video Look of the New York Municipal Building, One of NYC’s First Skyscrapers.

Morris Jumel Mansion

She’s the woman who dueled with Aaron Burr and won.  Move over Alexander Hamilton. The life of Eliza Jumel is a tale about a woman who came to New York to make good on the American Dream. Margaret Oppenheimer’s splendid book, The Remarkable Rise of Eliza Jumel:  Marriage and Money in the Early Republic, takes readers along on a tale of intrigue, scandal and innuendo. Far from a steamy beach read featuring men in white wigs, this meticulously-researched tale paints a detailed and scholarly portrait of New York City and the way in which the city’s growth provided fertile ground for the ambitions of its heroine.



Deities of inspiration, the Greek muses are ethereal young women who guide the creativity of artists and writers. New York City photographer Harvey Stein sees the city itself as his creative muse. Stein has photographed the Big Apple for nearly half a century, publishing views of its people and streets in a series of widely-acclaimed books. Briefly Seen New York Street Life, is Stein’s latest visual love letter to his muse. And it’s clear that Stein has been thoroughly seduced by his muse and what he calls the “rough, raw, charged and even magical energy of New York City street life.”


asian art gallery met museum restroom-NYC-Untapped CitiesImage via metmuseum.org

Having a drink on The Great Hall Balcony Bar of the Metropolitan Museum is a treat accompanied by live classical music. But finding a restroom without a line at the Met can be just as difficult as finding some of the secrets of this famous museum. Luckily, the best and least-used restrooms at the Met are just a few steps away in the Charlotte C Weber Galleries of Ancient Chinese Art tucked away among art ceramics, bronze and jade from ancient China.



Thornwillow Press is turning thirty and the publishing world is celebrating. An exhibition of Thornwillow books is currently on display at the Grolier Club, the grande dame of the publishing world that celebrated its own 130 years of the printed word last year.

At the Grolier Club, the printed word is treated on a par with painting and sculpture. Now, the crafts of letterpress printing, papermaking, illustration and bookbinding are all on display as Thornwillow exhibits its limited-edition books on the Second Floor Gallery.


Split view of Manhattan, l c. 1609, r. todaySplit image of Manhattan in 1609 and present day. Image via Mannahatta: A Natural History of New York City

A small, verdant island on the starboard side of his ship attracted Henry Hudson as he sailed up the river on the edge of North America.  The Lenape Indians called this lush and fertile island Manahatta, meaning “island of many hills.” The book Mannahatta: A Natural History of New York City by Eric Sanderson reveals a portrait of a quiet, wooded island at the mouth of a great river in 1609 when Hudson’s Half Moon sailed up the river that bears his name today. Sanderson has launched Welikia, meaning “my good home,” in an effort to show what the five boroughs looked like in 1609.