Top half of the front page of Scientific American’s first edition published on Thursday, August 28, 1845. Image source Wikipedia Commons.
The magazine, still in circulation today, started as the New York Mechanic in 1841 with the subtitle, “The Advocate of Industry and Enterprise and Journal of Mechanical and Other Improvements.” Porter bought a share of the magazine and moved it to Boston changing the name to American Mechanic. In 1845 he moved his operations back down to New York City and did a complete rebranding of the magazine calling it Scientific American. Although it was also published concurrently in Boston and Philadelphia, Porter’s Spruce Street office was considered the magazine’s headquarters.
Since the 1980s the MTA Arts & Design Program has brought art underground by installing over 300 works of art throughout New York City’s subway system. The program has commissioned hundreds of artists that range from kids to the world famous, and for only $2.75 you can see all of them. With summer almost over and the heat index still climbing, here are 8 aquatic-themed subway stations for you to dive into.
A while back, we brought you a piece about the now extinct “Train to the Plane” on 1970s NYC Subway Maps. In the 70s, the city introduced the “JFK Express” or “Train to the Plane” as a premium fare charged ride with higher quality cars running from 57th Street and 6th Ave in Manhattan to the airport. Despite the extra comfort it offered, it was still slower than A train services. Today, this direct line no longer exists, instead you’d have to take the E to Jamaica or A to Howard Beach/JFK Airport and take the Airtrain from there.
It’s happened to all of us. That moment when you want to know what bus you can connect to, but it’s not on your subway map. In fact, you might have to download a whole separate app to get New York City’s bus map. Well, a Queens resident, Anthony Denaro, has created a master map that includes subways, bus, and AirTrain, called the Bullet Map (h/t Streetsblog).
Frustrated with the New York City subway in general? Or afraid of L-magaddon, the 2019 shutdown of the L subway line from 8th Avenue to Bedford? You can escape into urban planning fantasy with the website, “Brand New Subway” and build your own system. If building an entire transit system seems daunting have no fear. You can start with the existing system today and go from there. You can fast forward to 2025 with its proposed changes. You can go back to 1972, with the map by Massimo Vignelli. There’s a 1936 map that can’t be selected yet, but we assume is coming. Or you can start completely from scratch.
Photo taken circa 1899 by someone unknown
Today the Park Avenue Tunnel, running between 33rd and 40th Streets is a passage for cars, but before it was a roadway for motor vehicles, it was a train and trolley tunnel. Constructed in 1834, it was originally built for the New York & Harlem Railroad (NY&H) as an open cut, which ran steam engines as well as horsecars. In the 1850s, the open cut was bridged creating a tunnel to boost public safety by removing the train from Manhattan’s surface. The Park Avenue Tunnel became of the city’s oldest, accommodating trolley trucks and two-way traffic. (more…)