6.  Chateau Labottiere/Duke Mansion

Chateau Labottiere in Bordeaux

The 1773 Chateau Labottiere, located in Bordeaux, was built for the Labottiere Brothers, who were book sellers, and is currently home to the Art Center of Chateau Pope Clement.

James Duke, tobacoo magnate and father of Doris Duke, hired Horace Trumbauer to design his East 78th Street mansion. Trumbauer designed the building, now utilized by New York University’s Graduate Institute of Fine Arts, after the Chateau Labottiere.

Duke Mansion

7.  Chateau du Lude and Chateau de Chambord/New York Cancer Hospital

The Chateau du Lude is a Loire Valley castle, which was originally a 10th century fortress.

The Chateau de Chambord was constructed by by King Francois I and possibly designed in part by Leonardo da Vinci.

Chambord Castle (photo by Augustin Pasquet)

The New York Cancer Hospital was designed by Charles Coolidge Haight and was likely inspired by Chateaux des Lude et Chambord.

New York Cancer Hospital

8. Palais Garnier/Grand Central Terminal, The Surrogate’s Courthouse, and The Metropolitan Opera House

The Belle Epoque Palais Garnier, now home to the Paris Opera was designed by Charles Garnier and was the inspiration for and setting of The Phantom of the Opera.

The staircases in the Main Concourse of the Warren and Wetmore Beaux-Arts designed Grand Central Terminal were modeled after the stairs in the lobby of the Parisian Palais Garnier. Interestingly, the lobby’s eastern staircase was never erected during the building’s original construction and was only completed when the MTA took over the building in the 1990s.

The lobby of the 1907 Surrogate’s Courthouse, formerly the Hall of Records, was also inspired by the Palais Garnier. The lobby is one of the most beautiful interiors in the City, though few New Yorkers ever stop to admire it. For a visit, catch one of their exhibits at the Municipal Archives.

The lobby of the 1966 Metropolitan Opera House, located at Lincoln Center, was envisioned as a  contemporary version of Garnier’s Paris Opera House. 

9. Chartres Cathedral and Laon Cathedral/Riverside Church

Chartres Cathedral was constructed between 1193 and 1250 and is considered one of the finest examples of the High Gothic style. It is well known for its stained glass windows and labyrinth.

The Laon Cathedral was constructed between 1160 and 1230. It is another prime example of Gothic architecture and only four of its six towers are complete.

Riverside Church, which is the tallest church in the United States, owes its existence to  John D. Rockefeller. Allen, Pelton and Collens was inspired by Chartres and Laon in their design for the church.

10. Grand Trianon/Monsignor McGolrick Park

The Grand Trianon was constructed at Versailles between 1670 and 1708. Louis XIV requested it as a retreat for himself and his mistress, Francoise-Athenais, Marquise de Montespan.

Monsignor McGolrick Park’s 1910 shelter pavilion  was designed by Helmle and Huberty. They modeled their shelter after the one at Versailles.

Next, check out NYC’s architecture inspired by Italy and Greece.