6. The Literary World (109 Wall Street)

Piers at end of Wall Street-NYC-Vintage Photograph
Piers at the end of Wall Street, not far from 109 Wall Street. Photo via Library of Congress

This publication was once one of Herman Melville’s strongest literary supporters, defending his work by praising him as part of “a clique of literary nationalists.” Although a trace of condescension underlies their insistence that “Mr. Melville is a sailor, and he talks, acts and writes like a sailor,” Melville had remained close friends with editor Duyckink even after the editor had publicly criticized his later, more difficult works. In addition to taking up Typee as publisher’s editor, Duyckink also allowed Melville to write a famous, anonymous essay praising the work of Nathaniel Hawthorne.