Columbia University's Low Library

Nearly 30,000 students attend Columbia University, located in Morningside Heights in New York City. But how many know the many secrets of the school? Here are 15 fun facts about the institution:

1. Columbia is Built Atop a Former Mental Asylum

Bloomingdale Mental Asylum-Columbia University-King's College-Manhattan-Morningside Heights-NYC
Image from Wikimedia Commons

The current location of Columbia University was built on the former Bloomingdale Asylum, a public hospital petitioned for by the doctors at King’s College (formerly Columbia University pre-Revolutionary War). The 26-acre bucolic institution extended over to where the Cathedral of St. John the Divine is today. Columbia University moved to this location in 1897, with a campus designed by McKim, Mead and White.

2. The Only Building Left from Bloomingdale Asylum is Buell Hall

Buell Hall Columbia University

Of the original buildings from the Bloomingdale Asylum, only Buell Hall remains. Built in an elevated architectural style to house wealthy gentlemen suffering from mental affliction, it was moved to its current spot from across the campus. Today it houses the Maison Française at Columbia University.

3. There is a Network of Underground Tunnels Under Columbia

Tunnels beneath Columbia University

What is now possibly the worst kept secret is the intricate network of tunnels that connects many of the school’s buildings. The tunnels date back to the days of the Bloomingdale’s Insane Asylum. The tunnels are still in use today, though the university is increasingly limiting access due to rogue tunnel explorers and other hazards, many of which are remains from another famous use for the tunnels: the Manhattan Project.

4. Columbia University Was Never on Land that Became Rockefeller Center

Trinity Church
Trinity Church

As King’s College, Columbia University began in the vestry hall at Trinity Church, then moved to a campus near present-day City Hall. From 1847 to 1897 the campus was located in Midtown from 49th and 50th Streets, between Madison and Park Avenue. A common misconception is that Columbia’s Midtown campus became part of Rockefeller Center, but this was a separate piece of land known as the “Upper Estate.” Though Columbia considered moving the campus there, the land was sold to the Rockefellers and the proceeds started the university’s endowment. It is said however that “the townhouse that first housed Barnard College may have been located at the corner of the future site Rockefeller Center.”

5. The Mantel in front of which Edgar Allen Poe Wrote The Raven is at Columbia

Edgar Allan Poe Mantel at Columbia University

Located in Butler Library at Columbia University, the Raven Mantel, in front of which Edgar Allen Poe wrote “The Raven” was located in Poe’s room at the Brennan farmhouse. It was saved when the farmhouse was demolished because it had a cameo in the poem and Poe even allegedly etched his initials into it. Check out our previous coverage of the Mantel’s odyssey from farmhouse to Columbia, where Untapped Cities’ editor Benjamin Waldman discovered it lying fallow in a storage room. It was later moved to a more visible location in the Rare Book & Manuscript Library, after articles by Untapped staff in Columbia Magazine and The New York TimesSee 9 other places to remember Edgar Allen Poe in NYC.

6. The Teacher’s College Pool is the Oldest in NYC

Teacher's College

Built in 1904, this is considered the oldest pool still in use in New York City, and one of the oldest in the country. The pool was built as a part of the largest gymnasium for women in the country, the Frederick Ferris Thompson Memorial Building. Now the pool is a part of the Teachers College of Columbia University and has changed little since its original construction– as a turn-of-the-century European take on Roman baths. See 9 more notable swimming pools in NYC.

7. The Most Filmed College Classroom Is Inside Columbia University’s Havemeyer Hall

If someone asked you to picture a college lecture hall, would the image you come up with look something like this? If so, you’ve probably been watching too many movies. This is Columbia University’s 309 Havemeyer Hall, the most filmed college classroom ever, as reported by Scouting NY and numerous university sites. That’s right–309 Havemeyer has apparently been seen in over a dozen films, including the first three Spider-Man films, Kinsey, and Spike Lee’s Malcolm X.

8. Columbia University was the Site of a Revolutionary War Battle

Revolutionary War Plaque at Columbia University

The Battle of Harlem Heights in September 1776 was a morale turning point in the Revolutionary War, particularly after the Americans suffered losses in the Battle of Long Island and at Kips Bay. The Americans and the British skirmished at what is now 106th Street and Broadway and the fighting extended northwards to 125th Street. The majority of the battle was fought around 120th Street and Riverside Drive, but the Americans were able to push the British back to 106th Street. George Washington noted of this maneuver, “This little advantage has inspired our troops prodigiously. They find it only requires resolution and good officers to make an enemy give way.” Today, a plaque on Columbia University’s Math Building near 118th Street and Broadway marks the historic battle.

9. Columbia’s Human Resources Building was the Studebaker Car Factory

Studebaker Factory at Columbia University
Manhattanville’s former Studebaker automobile factory breathes new life as Columbia University’s Human Resources building

With only a small logo to hint at the building’s past, Columbia’s “Studebaker” building is just that–a former automobile factory. Built in 1923 by the Studebaker automobile company, the facility originally served as a finishing factory and distribution center for the highly coveted and expensive luxury vehicles that made Studebaker a household name. In its heyday, the factory would have been filled with these vehicles and their parts, along with dealers and mechanics in training.

10. A Young Jack Kerouac and William S. Burrough Had a Brush with Murder at Columbia

Riverside Park

Before they became the voices of the Beat Generation, the then unknown Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs, and Allen Ginsberg were involved in a story of intrigue and murder that played out on the Columbia University campus and Riverside Park, that became the focus of the movie Kill Your Darlings in 2013.  Read in detail about the story, which Kerouac and Burroughs helped cover up, here.

11. A Missing Sculpture on the Columbia Campus Turned Up in Ann Arbor, Michigan

Sundial sculpture

Many assumed this sphere centrally located on the Columbia campus had been destroyed but, almost 60 years later, in 2001, the sundial resurfaced in a field of Ann Arbor that may or may not have belonged to an individual with university affiliations. The current sundial has a less exalted history, with the sculptor unknown. The story behind what happened to the original sundial remains somewhat mysterious and the base remains on campus, engraved with the words Horam Expecta Veniet or await this hour, time will come.

12. Research for the Manhattan Project Took Place at Columbia

Pupin Hall at Columbia University

Research for the Manhattan Project, that led to the creation of the atomic bomb, was conducted in Schermerhorn Hall and Pupin Hall (shown) on Broadway and 120th Street. The basement hosted a cyclotron, a particle accelerator. In 1939, Columbia scientists replicated a German experiment that proved the possibility of nuclear fission. Pupin is also where FM radio was created.

There was also a nuclear testing lab inside Columbia’s Prentis Hall at the Manhattanville Campus. The Prentis building was once a former Sheffield Farms pasteurization facility and milk bottling plant that was built in 1909. Called the Heat Transfer Research Facility, Columbia’s lab predated the creation of any national labs. Starting the 1950s, scientists and engineers tested “generations of nuclear reactor fuel assemblies,” at the lab, according to Harry Hutchinson, author of “Powering Down” in an article for Mechanical Engineering. It was closed in 2004.

13. Stargaze from the Rutherford Observatory

View from Pupin Hall
View from atop Pupin Hall during a stargazing event. Photo courtesy Jenny Lam

Every other Friday night, the Columbia Astronomy Public Outreach series allows New Yorkers to peek through the smog while standing on a piece of science history atop Pupin Hall, of Manhattan Project fame, with a public lecture series by members of Columbia’s astronomy department, followed by 90 minutes of stargazing if the weather permits. During the summer months, a sci-fi movie and discussion replace the lectures, and stargazing takes place in front of Pupin.

14. There’s an Owl Hiding in the Alma Mater Statue

Alma Mater Statue

The Alma Mater statue sits imposingly at the foot of Columbia University‘s Low Library. Student legend has it that the first student in each incoming class to spot the owl hiding in the folds of the statue will be the valedictorian of the class.

15. In 1968, A Proposed Gym Sparked Widespread Protest and School Shutdown

Plans for a gym at Columbia University
Plans for the Morningside Gym. Image via WikiCU, user Tao tan

In 1960, Columbia University proposed the construction of a new gym in Morningside Park. A way to keep students fit, beautifying the crumbling Morningside Park. A win/win, right? Not so much. The construction of this gym started a huge student protest/strike which temporarily shut down Columbia and was part of a huge chain of student uprisings around the world.

So what was wrong with this gym? It had two doors: one for Harlem community residents who were predominantly black and one for students who were predominantly white. According to WikiCU, The door for community residences was in the back of the gym on a lower level, while the door made available to students was a grand entrance in the front of the gym. The policy was initiated the year of Martin Luther King Junior’s assassination, only adding to the tension already in the air.

Bonus for Architecture Buffs: There’s Guastavino Tiling in St. Paul’s Church

Guastavino Tiles at Columbia University

Guastavino was once a name that was a household word amongst architects. The Guastavino Company, led by a father-son team of Spanish Immigrants, oversaw the construction of thousands of thin-tile vaults across the United States, including over 200 in New York City, between the 1880s and 1950s. One spot to see the firm’s work at Columbia is at St. Paul’s Chapel.

Next, check out The Top 10 Secrets of Barnard College

This article was collectively written by Michelle YoungCassandra Munoz, Sharon WongNasha VirataSamantha SokolKelli TrapnellWesley YiinPhillipe Martin ChatelainEvelyn Kim, and Maria Chernaya.