Image via NPR
History remembers bold moves. Mayor Michael Bloomberg called his 2002 restaurant and bar smoking ban one of the most important things he had done in his life. It took effect 12 years ago, on March 30, 2003.
Cigarettes and second-hand smoke had long been known to be unhealthy. In 1990, Governor Mario Cuomo pass the New York Clean Indoor Air Act, which banned smoking in stores, taxis, certain restaurants, and schools (!). Five years later, Mayor Giuliani enacted a much tougher smoke ban, which exempted only small restaurants, restaurants with separately ventilated smoke rooms, and bars. Council Speaker Peter Vallone pushed for the ban to include all restaurants several years later, leaving bars alone, but Giuliani defeated the bill. By 2002, several small cities, along with California, had enacted comprehensive bans.
Mayor Bloomberg’s plan was set to kick in at midnight on March 30, 2003, a quiet Sunday night. Patrons bitterly smoked away and offered doomsday predictions. Some called the decision “Stalinesque,” the ushering in of “no fun city.”
Some posited that restaurants and bars would fail, or that they would simply ignore the law. In time, neither of those predictions came to pass, and the law soon had 60% support. (Although, in a classic case of unintended consequences, the owner of McSorley’s claimed that smokers were being driven to drink more by the ban.) The smoking ban was paired with steep increases on New York City’s cigarette taxes, which seriously dented sales.
Since 2003, smoking bans have spread like wildfire, alongside gay marriage and legalized medical marijuana. So you can now smoke more things at an outdoor gay wedding, but fewer things at an indoor one. Full bans have been passed in 28 states, and partial or local bans have passed in every other state except Oklahoma, which bans smoking bans. The measure has also become popular across the world, on every continent.
Mayor Bloomberg’s ban on smoking in parks took effect in 2011. Image via Palemale.
The smoking ban had another tangential impact: it created a class of fellow travelers who needed to share trips outdoors to smoke. While this crew can come off snide, like an exclusive club, there is little to envy about them in the winter.