5. James McCune Smith Pharmacy – 93 West Broadway

The area around 93 West Broadway today

Another victim of the crowd’s race-fueled anger was Dr. James McCune Smith, the first licensed African American doctor in history as well as the first African American owner of a pharmacy. He had both black and white customers upon opening his pharmacy and entertained popular abolitionists like Frederick Douglass and John Brown in the building’s back room. He was a founding member of the Radical Abolitionist Party. The pharmacy was destroyed, and at least 11 black men were killed on the first day of the riots. The site is now a bakery and apartment complex.