1. The Holland Tunnel Rotary

During the construction of the Holland Tunnel, St. John’s Park Freight Depot, the southern terminus of the Hudson River Railway Company was demolished. In its place, bounded by Hudson, Laight, Beach and Varick streets, stood a rotary and the exits from the tunnel.

The space has a long history in New York City and was once part of a plantation. Later, when the English took New York, the land was owned by the English crown. The crown deeded the space to Trinity Church, which in turn built St. John’s Chapel. Trinity Church also developed St. John’s Park, the first in New York to become surrounded by townhouses.  The neighborhood was known as St. John’s Park until the Hudson River Railway Company bought it. The Railway Company demolished the townhouses to build the freight depot. Today, although the rotary space is still known as St. John’s Park, it is not actually part of the parks system and is inaccessible to the public.