3. L’Ombrelle Rouge, 1901

Image via IFPDA. Courtesy of R.S. Johnson Fine Art

The eldest brother of Marcel Duchamp, Gaston Emile Duchamp (also known as Jacques Villon) was a caricaturist, illustrator and painter. To differentiate himself from his siblings, Gaston used a pseudonym that served as a nod to French medieval poet, François Villon.

While he was initially noted for his humorous political cartoons, Villon eventually adopted a “Belle Époque” style of printmaking that was influenced by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. He later played with flat, Cubist forms and abstraction before returning to painting landscapes and portraits.