6. Machu Picchu and Chavin de Huantar, Peru

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is the more famous landmarked ruin in Peru, a requisite hike for many backpackers traveling through South America. The hike up Wanya Picchu behind it is a spectacular way to view Machu Picchu.

Another landmarked ruin in Peru is Chavin de Huantar is a large, historical complex located 3,150 meters above sea level in Peru. Dating back to 1300 BC, the ruins include an original temple with underground tunnels, series of stairs, and a pyramid-like structure. Hidden in the temple is a 13-foot granite carving of the Lanzon de Chavin, the most important statue of the central deity of the Chavin culture.