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Built in the 13th  century for the rulers of the Nasrid Dynasty, the Alhambra attests to the rich influence of Arab culture in southern Spain. The earliest documents about the area date back to the 9th century, when the Alcazaba fortress was built during the conflicts between Muslims and the Christians who converted to Islam. The Alhambra was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984 after falling into disrepair during the 18th century and being rediscovered by scholars and travelers in the 19th century.  Today, the grounds of the palace and its incredible gardens are well maintained and open to visitors year-round.  (more…)