2. The Madison Square Park Dewey Arch

Dewey Arch-Madison Square ParkImage via Library of Congress

Curiously, Madison Square had also been the location of another temporary arch in 1899 called the Dewey Arch, which was built by Charles R. Lamb to commemorate Commodore George Dewey’s victory over the Spanish at Manila Bay in 1898. The Dewey Arch was built of staff, the same material used for the temporary buildings at the World’s Fairs, and modeled after the Arch of Titus in Rome.

Earlier in 1899, two additional arches were constructed to commemorate the centennial celebration of George Washington’s first inauguration, located on 23rd Street and 26th Street:

Photo from Library of Congress